First up! Our trip to Okunoshima Island about... a month ago. Actually, more than a month ago.
Okunoshima Island is a small island tucked away in the Seto Inland Sea near Tadanoumi, which is an hour away by bus. Then it's a 20-minute ferry ride to the island. We invited along our friend Katie and went on a beautiful sunny day in late September.
Joe pretends to be a cute Japanese girl on the ferry. Awww!
I'd been dying to go ever since I'd heard about this strange island with two nicknames: Bunny Island and Poison Gas Island.
During World War II, the Japanese used a factory to produce poison gas on the island. The gases were tested on rabbits (poor, poor wittle wabbits...). After the war, U.S. forces destroyed the factory and the rabbits were set free. Since then, they've taken over the island, hopping around unmolested and happily procreating. Now, there are bunnies everywhere. A Poison Gas Museum was built to educate the public about the sordid history of the island, and the museum, combined with the booming bunny population, attracts plenty of visitors to the island. As a result, the "wild" bunnies have become quite friendly and tame.
So you can see why I was giddy with excitement to go to this place crawling with cute and cuddly rabbits. I went armed with two plastic bags, one stuffed with cabbage and the other full of carrot sticks. Those rabbits were going to get an early Thanksgiving!
After disembarking from the ferry, we set off down the road and through a tunnel to the nearby factory ruins, where we encountered our first rabbits. They were cautiously curious, but after a minute they hopped up to us looking for some food.
The factory itself was totally creepy. With its broken windows and crumbling concrete covered in ivy, the factory is the perfect image of a haunted building. If this place were in America, I've no doubt there would be 1,000 different ghost stories involving this place.
Circling around the island, we saw some other deteriorating buildings.
The poison gas storehouse
The barracks where the soldiers slept
The museum was small — two rooms — but I found it intensely interesting.
We learned that the poison gas factory actually opened in 1929. Because of the recession, the military had no problem recruiting area residents to work in the factory, but workers were never told what the factory was producing. Questions and complaints were not tolerated.
According to the museum's brochure, various kinds of toxic gases, signal barrels, pipes and balloon bombs were produced at the plant during the war, but priority was given to the production of mustard gas. The ingredients of these gases adhere to soil, plants and houses and then slowly evaporate. They are highly toxic. When they stick to the skin, the gases cause severe pain and produce blistering after two or three hours. When inhaled, the gas causes injuries throughout the body.
Scary stuff, right? It gets even more alarming when you consider that the workers in the factory didn't have adequate protective gear. They worked completely covered in rubber uniforms, anti-poison gas masks, gloves and long boots.
But it wasn't enough. The gas still managed to penetrate the gear, causing injuries to their skin, eyes, throat and lungs. They developed pneumonia and other conditions. To treat skin diseases, they tried to neutralize the poison by burning a mixture of potassium manganate and vinegar, but there were no treatments for the other conditions they suffered, except, the brochure said, "a nourishing food." How would you like that? Oh, you've been poisoned by mustard gas! Well, have some of this chicken soup, it'll fix ya right up!
Workers in the factory
Getting sick working in the mustard gas department would earn you a transfer. To the tear gas department. However, things weren't all peachy there either, as you can imagine. Workers there suffered from all sorts of eye injuries caused by the hydrochloric acid gas used during the production process. There were eye-washing apparatuses in the workers' waiting room, but to use them, the assistance of a non-worker was needed. And of course, everyone around was a worker. "Thus tragedy ensued," says the brochure.
A wall in the back room of the museum was covered with stomach-turning photos of gas victims, which showed how dangerous these gases are.
The guy on the right is a young soldier suffering from severe skin burns days after exposure to mustard gas on the battlefield.
This is a baby boy affected by a mustard gas attack in Sardasht, Iran in 1987. He is now a young man in his 20s suffering from severe respiratory problems and is not expected to live into his 50s.
After the war, many of the former factory workers died. They developed breathing difficulties and chronic bronchitis and digestive problems. Later, the Japanese government began assisting the disabled factory workers, and continues to assist them today.
It wasn't until 1984 that it became widely known that Japan developed chemical weapons. Japan went to great lengths to conceal the poison gas production during and after the war. In fact, one reason the island was chosen for poison gas production was its isolation. Okunoshima Island was removed from maps, and trains that ran along the nearby coast had to cover the windows with blinds so that riders couldn't see the island.
Today, the island has been developed into a National Vacation Village and is a public health resort.
So the island has gone from a place of death and suffering to a health resort. What a dichotomy between morbid and tranquil.
Indeed, after we finished touring the museum, we went on to explore the rest of the island and camp out in a couple of the bunnies' favorite hang-outs. It's really a beautiful place.
At one point, I walked toward a grassy area near the woods that appeared to be empty. Suddenly, about a dozen bunnies noticed my presence and emerged from the forest, literally bounding out to see me. They eagerly surrounded me in hopes of food. It reminded me of how I felt when I was 10 years old and I'd come home from school to find my new cat, Oreo, waiting at the front door for me. Or I imagined this is how a father in the "good ole days" felt when he'd return home from work and all his children would exclaim happily and run to him. I just felt so loved. All these cute, furry animals hurrying up to me full of excitement!
I fed them cabbage 'til they nearly exploded.
Whatchoo lookin' at?
A bunny-on-bunny bath (click pic to see his tongue)
A shy bunny hides under the bench.
They were very eager to be fed, but not so keen on being petted. If I tried to touch them, they'd usually run away. But I did manage to almost coax one of them into my lap. This little guy was almost there, but when I tried to give his behind a boost he was gone in a flash.